What is “Nordic modern architecture”? Did German urban planners seek inspiration in Scandinavia after the Second World War? What influence did the Scandinavian model of society have on architecture and urban planning? And what differences can be discerned between the architecture and urban planning of Scandinavia and postwar Germany? It was not only the famous Swedish “folk home” (folkhem) that contributed to the development of a “Nordic model”; the state of modernisation in each case, different architectural preferences, and even political considerations all played their part. Citing the example of the “Hansaviertel” in Berlin—a show of international modernist achievement—the essays in this publication investigate the exchange of modern architectural ideas between Scandinavia and Germany from aesthetic, socio-cultural, and programmatic standpoints.